Timeline of King Richard the Lionheart

Timeline of King Richard the Lionheart
The Middle Ages encompass one of the most exciting and bloodthirsty periods in English and European History.

This comprehensive Timeline of King Richard the Lionheart of the Medieval period details the major events significant to the lives and events of famous people who lived during this era. Key dates provide a fast and simple way to cover history via the Timeline of King Richard the Lionheart. Dates of great events and dates relating to the births, deaths and the durations of reigns. Dates of all of the major events and people who were important are briefly explained in the Timeline of King Richard the Lionheart. The fastest way to obtain interesting facts, history and information on the times of the Medieval era.

Biography of King Richard the Lionheart

Timeline of Key Dates Timeline of King Richard the Lionheart
Key events
r.1189 - 1199 Reigned as King of England: 1189 – 1199
1157 King Richard the Lionheart was born on September 8, 1157 at Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England. He was the son of King Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He had three brothers - Henry the Young King (1155–1183), Geoffrey, Duke of Brittany (1158–1186) and John (1167–1216)
And three sisters Matilda, Duchess of Saxony (1156–1189), Leonora of England (1161–1214) and Joan Plantagenet (1165–1199)
1168 Richard was invested with the duchy of Aquitaine
1172 Richard was invested with the duchy of Poitiers
1179 Richard took mighty fortress town of Taillebourg in just two weeks due to his skills in siege warfare
1179 Richard argued with his brothers and joined his father King Henry II to subdue Henry the Young King, Geoffrey and the barons
1183 June: Henry the Young King died of dysentery and Richard became heir to the throne of England
1186 July: Geoffrey, son of Henry II dies in a tournament
1187 The capture of Jerusalem by Saladin, the sultan of Egypt
1187 November: Richard takes the Cross as did King Philip Augustus of France and the German emperor, Frederick Barbarossa
1189 King Henry II dies on 6 July 1189 at the Chateau Chinon. King Henry II was buried Fontevraud Abbey. Richard visits the tomb 
1189 Queen Eleanor was freed from prison and was to reign until Richard arrived from France
1189 3rd of September: Richard was crowned in Westminster Abbey
1189 11th of December Richard began planning his Crusade by selling mansions and castles - he reputedly said "If I could have found a buyer I would have sold London itself."
1190 Richard appoints Hugh, Bishop of Durham, and William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex, as regents. William de Mandeville dies and is replaced by Richard's chancellor William Longchamp.
1190 4th of July: Richard embarks on the Third Crusade first stopping at Sicily
1190 Richard's brother John, furious at his brother's choice of regents starts to plot against Richard
1191 May 6: Richard sails to Cyprus
1191 May 12: Married Queen Berengaria of Navarre (1170 – 1230) first-born daughter of King Sancho VI of Navarre at Limassol. They had no children
1191 June 1: Richard gains control of Cypress
1191 Jun 6 Richard arrived at Tyre and attacked Acre
1191 July 11: Richard gains control of Tyre
1191 July: Richard recovers the city of Acre from the Saracens
1191 - 1192 King Richard remained for longer in the Holy Land than the other leaders. His campaigns against Saladin during this time gained for him the title of "Lion-hearted". But could not capture Jerusalem
1192 September 2: King Richard and Saladin finally concluded a truce by the terms of which Christians were permitted to visit Jerusalem without paying tribute, that they should have free access to the holy places
1192 King Richard on his return from the Holy Land was shipwrecked off the coast of the Adriatic
1192 December - The Ransom of King Richard: Travelling through Austria in disguise, he was captured by the duke of Austria, whom he had offended at the siege of Acre. The king regained his liberty only by paying a ransom equivalent to more than twice the annual revenues of England.
1194 February 4, 1194 The ransom was paid and Richard was finally released
1194 During his absence, John had come close to seizing the throne but Richard forgave him, and even named him as his heir
1199 Date when King Richard the Lionheart died: April 6, 1199 at Chalus, in Limousin and was buried at Fontevraud Abbey

Timeline of King Richard the Lionheart
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Timeline of King Richard the Lionheart

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Timeline of King Richard the Lionheart

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