Middle Ages Architecture

Middle Ages Architecture
Architecture during the Middle Ages saw many innovative changes from the Romanesque style of architecture to the Gothic style of architecture.

Romanesque architecture was the name given to the style of architecture used in very early Middle Ages when much of these developments were pioneered by the Normans and their prolific castle building. Romanesque Architecture was succeeded by Gothic, or Perpendicular style of architecture of the later Middle Ages (1066 - 1485)  To appreciate the full extent of the changes in Middle Ages Architecture it is helpful to understand its fore-runner - Romanesque Architecture

Middle Ages Architecture - Romanesque Architecture
The early Middle Ages saw the emergence of Romanesque architecture. Romanesque Architecture is the term which is used to describe the building styles which were used between 800 - 1100AD. The name of this style of Middle Ages architecture leads to the immediate association with this style of architecture is with the Roman Empire. The reason for this association are the similarities between Roman Architecture especially the Roman 'barrel vault' and the Roman arch. The Middle Ages Romanesque Architecture was the first major style of architecture to be developed after the collapse of the Roman Empire.

Romanesque Architecture - Defining Features
The Romanesque Architecture of the Middle Ages can be defined as having the following features:

  • Stone used in Romanesque architecture was cut with precision
  • The use of the Roman arch led to the stone being supported in the middle by the arch construction
  • Buttresses were introduced as a means of support to the basic design in Romanesque architecture in the Middle Ages
  • The vault was developed to enable the construction of stone roofs. Barrel or Tunnel Vaults - consisted of a continuous surface of semicircular or pointed sections resembling a barrel or tunnel which has been cut in half lengthwise. Groin Vaults were produced by the intersection, at right angles of two barrel vaults. The arches of groin vaults were either pointed or round

Middle Ages Architecture - Gothic Architecture
The later Middle Ages saw the emergence of Gothic style architecture. Gothic or Perpendicular Architecture is the term which is used to describe the building styles which were used between 1200 - 1500AD. Middle Ages Gothic architecture and decoration originally emerged in France. It was initially called "The French Style". The name Gothic which is used to describe this style of Middle Ages architecture was a derisive term alluding to the Barbaric Goths who sacked Rome in 410AD. The name Gothic architecture was coined by people who were appalled at the abandonment of classical Romanesque lines and proportions.

Middle Ages Architecture - Gothic Architecture
The different types of English Gothic Architecture styles. To distinguish between  each style Gothic architecture is divided into three time periods:

  • 1200 to 1300 - Early English Gothic Style ( also called Lancet)
  • 1300 to 1400 - Decorated Gothic Style
  • 1400 to 1500 - Perpendicular Gothic Style of Architecture

Gothic Architecture - Defining Features
The Romanesque Architecture of the Middle Ages can be defined as having the following features:

  • The use of the Gothic arch led to the construction of light and airy structures - lightening and heightening of Gothic structures
  • Wider window openings
  • Gothic Rose Windows
  • Flying buttresses
  • An increased number of towers
  • Decorative designs and sculptures including Gargoyles

Gothic Architecture - The Pointed Gothic arch
The Medieval Gothic Arch was a major feature of Middle Ages architecture. The Medieval architects and builders discovered the amazing strength and stability of using pointed arches. The walls of Gothic buildings could be thinner than previous styles of architecture because the weight of the roof was supported by the arches rather than by the walls. The pointed Gothic arch provided greater flexibility could also could span greater distances, allowing vaults to be taller and wider. Thinner walls had wider window openings which encouraged the use of stained glass and the distinctive Gothic Rose Windows.
 

Middle Ages Architecture
Each section of this Middle Ages website addresses all topics and provides interesting facts and information about these great people and events in bygone Medieval times including the Middle Ages Architecture. The Sitemap provides full details of all of the information and facts provided about the fascinating subject of the Middle Ages!
 

Middle Ages Architecture

  • Middle Ages Architecture
  • Middle Ages Architecture - Romanesque Architecture
  • Romanesque Architecture - Defining Features
  • Middle Ages Architecture - Gothic Architecture
  • Gothic Architecture - Defining Features
  • Early English Gothic Style, Lancet, Decorated Gothic Style and Perpendicular Style of Architecture
  • Middle Ages Gothic Architecture - The Pointed Gothic arch

Middle Ages Architecture

The Middle Ages Architecture - History of Middle Ages Architecture - Information about Middle Ages Architecture - Middle Ages Architecture Facts - Info - Middle Ages era - Middle Ages Life - Middle Ages Times - Life - English - England - Famous - Medieval - Mideval - Midevil - Meadieval - History and interesting Information - Europe - Facts - Info - Era - Life - Times - Period - Important Accomplishments - Accomplishment - England - Age - Medieval - Key Dates and events - Achievements - Achievement - Life - Medieval - Mideval - Midevil - Meadieval - Story - History and interesting Information - Facts - Info - Era - Life - Medieval - Mideval - Midevil - Meadieval - Europe - Medieval - Important Historical events - Facts and Info - Story - Key Dates and events of Middle Ages Architecture - Middle Ages Architecture History - Information about Middle Ages Architecture - Facts - Middle Ages Architecture Info - Middle Ages era - Middle Ages Life - Middle Ages Times - Life - History - Events - Key Dates - Important Historical event - Written By Linda Alchin



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