Medieval Kings Clothing

Medieval Kings Clothing
Middle Ages clothing and fashion, including the Medieval Kings Clothing, like everything else was dictated by the Pyramid of Power which was the Middle Ages Feudal System.

Medieval clothes provided information about the status of the person wearing them. The clothing and fashion during the Medieval era of the Middle Ages was dominated and highly influenced by the Kings and Queens of the era. Only the wealthy could dress in fashionable clothes.

Medieval Kings Clothing
A description of a Medieval Kings clothing worn by King  Louis IX of France (1214 - 1270):
"he went into his garden dressed in a camel's-hair coat, a surcoat of linsey-woolsey without sleeves, a black silk cloak without a hood, and a hat trimmed with peacocks' feathers. At other times he was dressed in a coat of blue silk, a surcoat and mantle of scarlet satin, and a cotton cap."
Another description of the King:
At the consecration of Louis IX., in 1226, the nobles wore the cap (mortier) trimmed with fur; the bishops wore the cope and the mitre, and carried the crosier. Louis IX. with his hair short, and wearing a red velvet cap, a tunic, and over this a cloak open at the chest, having long sleeves, which are slit up for the arms to go through; this cloak, or surcoat, is trimmed with ermine in front, and has the appearance of what we should now call a fur shawl. The young King has long hose, and shoes similar in shape to high slippers.

Medieval Kings Clothing - Furs
Profuse extravagance was displayed in furs. Royal documents detail that in order to trim two complete suits for King John of France (1319–64) no fewer than six hundred and seventy martens' skins were used. It is also stated that the Duke of Berry, the youngest son of that monarch, purchased nearly ten thousand of these same skins from a distant country in the north, in order to trim only five mantles and as many surcoats. A robe made for the Duke of Orleans, grandson of the same king, required two thousand seven hundred and ninety ermines' skins.

Medieval Kings Clothing
The Medieval Kings Clothing changed through the different eras of the Middle Ages.

Clothing
Timeline
History of Medieval Kings Clothing & Fashion in the Middle Ages
900 - 1000 The Medieval Kings Clothing of the early Middle Ages was still influenced by the classical styles of the Romans. Clothes were loose and belted. Short clothes and coats of mail were also worn 
1000 - 1100 The typical Medieval Kings Clothing during the period of 1000 - 1100 featured:
  • A person's rank or social position was determined by the head-dress or hat. The cap was made of velvet for persons of rank
  • Some caps had a point at the top, to which a long streamer was attached, and the peak turned up in front
  • They dressed in a robe fastened round the waist, and having long bands attached to the sleeves near the wrists. Some were fastened at the collar by a round buckle, and two bands of stuff forming a kind of necklace
  • A long cloak which descended to the instep
  • Closed shoes, which had then begun to be made pointed , and his belt has no hangings in front
  • His hair was cut short.
  • The Crusades also gave rise to the general use of the purse, which was suspended to the belt by a cord of silk or cotton, and sometimes by a metal chain
1100-1200 The typical Medieval Kings Clothing during the period of 1100 - 1200 featured:
  • The surcoat (sur-cotte) was at first a garment worn only by females, but it was soon adopted by both sexes
  • The surcoat was originally a large wrapper with sleeves, and was thrown over the upper part of the robe
  • The surcoat was then made without sleeves
  • The under garment, which was made of more costly material, might be seen
  • The surcoat was then raised higher above the hips, and the arm-holes were made very large, allowing the expensive under material to be seen
1200 - 1300 The typical Medieval Kings Clothing during the period of 1200 - 1300 featured:
  • Luxury was at its height when gold and silver, pearls and precious stones were lavished on clothes
  • Massive belts of gold were also worn
  • Clothes of a noble consisted of breeches, stockings, shoes, the coat, the surcoat and the head-dress
  • To these articles those who wished to dress more elegantly added, on the body, a shirt; on the shoulders, a mantle; and on the head, a hat
  • Long stockings or hose. The stockings were of the same colour and material as the breeches, and were kept up by the lower part of the breeches being pulled over them
  • Shoes were generally made pointed; this fashion of the Polish points, was followed throughout the whole of Europe for nearly three hundred years
  • The ordinary material of the surcoat for the rich was cloth, either scarlet, blue, or reddish brown, or two or more of these colours mixed together
  • The nobles, princes, or barons, when holding court, wore surcoats of a colour to match their arms, which were embroidered upon them
1300 - 1400 The typical Medieval Kings Clothing during the period of 1300 - 1400 featured:
  • Hats were of various shapes. They were made of different kinds of felt, or of otter or goat's skin, or of wool or cotton
  • There was also much impropriety in dress and clothes so short and so tight that it required the help of two persons to dress and undress them
  • Points were attached to clothes
  • Some had tippets of one cloth, others of another
  • Some had their head-dresses and sleeves reaching to the ground
  • Clothes were sumptuous and extravagant
  • The girdle was studded with gilded ornaments and precious stones
  • Profuse extravagance was displayed in furs
  • One robe required two thousand seven hundred and ninety ermines' skins
1400 - 1500 The typical Medieval Kings Clothing during the period of 1400 - 1500 featured:
  • Men's dress was still very short. It consisted of a kind of tight waistcoat, fastened by tags, and of very close-fitting breeches, which displayed the outlines of the figure
  • In order to appear wide at the shoulders artificial pads were worn
  • The sleeves were slashed
  • The shoes armed with long metal points
  • A conical hat, with turned-up rim, was ornamented with gold chains and various jewels
  • The mantle, trimmed with fur, was open in front, its false sleeves being slit up above in order to allow the arms of the under coat to pass through
  • The cap was turned up; the breeches or long hose were made tight-fitting
  • The shoes were a kind of large padded shoe of black leather, round or square at the toes, and gored over the foot with coloured material
  • The introduction of Italian fashions exhibited better taste and a greater amount of elegance
  • Full and gathered or puffed sleeves, which gave considerable gracefulness to the upper part of the body
  • A short and ornamental mantle
  • A broad-brimmed hat covered with feathers
  • Besides tunics, the men also wore undershirts and briefs covered by a sleeveless jacket and an additional tunic
  • Stockings or trunk hose completed the male attire at the end of the fifteenth century.

Medieval Kings Clothing
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Medieval Kings Clothing

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Medieval Kings Clothing

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