Knights Templar Timeline

Knights Templar Timeline
This comprehensive Knights Templar Timeline details the major events significant to the Order of the Knights Templar.

The timeline starts during the Roman period and the discovery of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. The timeline then goes on to first crusade and the founding of the Knights Templar Order. All of the Masters names are detailed in this Knights Templar timeline.  Dates of all of the major events and people who were important to the Knights Templar order can be found in the timeline. Facts and information about the main events of the Knights Templar history can be found in many entries in the timeline.

Events Summary
Knights Templar Timeline
Key Dates in the
Knights Templar Timeline
Major Events in the
Knights Templar Timeline

Knights Templar Timeline 330 - 1065

330 A.D.

The mother of the Roman Emperor Constantine, discovered the Holy Sepulchre and her son built the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem

330 - 637 Pilgrims throughout the Middle Ages made sacred pilgrimages to the Holy city of Jerusalem
637 A.D. Jerusalem was surrendered to the Saracens
637

The caliph of the Saracens called Omar gave guarantees for the safety of the Christian population - pilgrimages continued

Knights Templar Timeline 1065 - 1118

1065 Jerusalem was taken by the Turks - initiating the crusades of the Middle Ages.
1099

Crusaders led by Godfrey of Bouillon took Jerusalem back from the Turks. The founding of the Knights Templar was initiated shortly after this date by Bernard of Clairvaux

Knights Templar Timeline 1118 - 1150

1118 King Baldwin II of Jerusalem, granted the Knights Templar a place to live within the sacred enclosure of the Temple on Mount Moriah.
1118 Hugh de Payens was chosen by the knights as the first master of the order
1127 Hugh De Payen and the Knights Templar returned to France
1127 The first donation of land was given to the Templars by Count Thybaud
1127 Hugh de Payens was granted the land for the first Temple Church in Holborn, London
1128 The ecclesiastical Council of Troyes was instigated by Bernard of Clairvaux and gave the Knights Templar official recognition
1130 Knights Templar order received privileges from Alfonso I of Spain
1136 Knights Templar Hugh de Payen died and was succeeded by Robert de Craon as Master of the Temple
1136 The Knights Templar were awarded the wealthy manor of Cressing
1139

A Papal Bull was issued by Pope Innocent II stating that the Knights Templar should owe allegiance to none other than the Pope

1146

Knights Templar Robert de Craon died and was succeeded by Everard des Barres as Master of the Temple

1146 The Knights Templar order adopted the splayed red cross as their emblem
1148 The Knights Templar order supported the second crusade and assembled at Acre
1149

Everard des Barres dies and is succeeded by Bernard de Tremelay (1149-1153)

Knights Templar Timeline 1150 - 1250

1153 Bernard de Tremelay dies and is succeeded by André de Montbard (1153-1156)
1154 The Grand Master of Knights Templar, André de Montbard, superintended the Masons in England and  built their Temple in Fleet Street, London
1156 André de Montbard dies and is succeeded by Bertrand de Blanchefort (1156-1169)
1169 Bertrand de Blanchefort dies and is succeeded by Philippe de Milly (1169-1171)
1170

Richard de Hastings, the Master of the English Templars, attempted to reconcile the differences between King Henry II and Thomas Becket. Their attempts to reconcile the two parties failed and Thomas a Becket was murdered in Canterbury Cathedral

1171 Philippe de Milly dies and is succeeded by Odo de St Amand (1171-1179)
1179 Odo de St Amand dies and is succeeded by Arnaud de Toroge (1179-1184)
1184

The army of Jerusalem and Guy of Lusignan, the King of Jerusalem, was beaten by Turkish forces and all Knights Templar who survived the battle were executed afterwards

1184 Arnaud de Toroge dies and is succeeded by Gérard de Ridefort in 1185
1189 Gérard de Ridefort dies and is succeeded by Robert de Sablé in 1191
1191 The city of Acre was taken by the Crusaders and the Knights Templars
1191

Robert de Sablé dies in 1191 and is succeeded by Gilbert Horal (1193-1200)

Knights Templar Timeline 1250 - 1300

1200 Gilbert Horal dies and is succeeded by Phillipe de Plessis (1201-1208)
1208 Phillipe de Plessis dies and is succeeded by Guillaume de Chartres (1209-1219)
1219 Guillaume de Chartres and is succeeded by Pedro de Montaigu (1219-1230)
1230 Pedro de Montaigu dies and is succeeded by Armand de Périgord (1232-1244)
1244 Armand de Périgord dies and is succeeded by Richard de Bures (1245-1247)
1247 Richard de Bures dies and is succeeded by Guillaume de Sonnac (1247-1250)
1250 Guillaume de Sonnac is succeeded by Renaud de Vichiers (1250-1256)
1256 Renaud de Vichiers is succeeded by Thomas Bérard (1256-1273)
1263

Problems in England lead to the Baron's revolt led by Simon de Montford opposing the prince who becomes Edward I. Edward entered the Knights Templar Temple in London and ransacked the treasury

1271 Edward lead a crusade and was attacked by an assassin with a poisoned knife. He survived the attack and his life was saved with drugs sent by the Master of the Knights Templar, Thomas Bérard
1272 King Henry III of England died and the English Council met at the Temple in London and draft a letter to Prince Edward informing him of his accession to the throne, illustrating the political importance of the Knights Templar in England
1272 Thomas Bérard is succeeded by Guillaume de Beaujeu (1273-1291)
1291 Guillaume de Beaujeu dies and is succeeded by Thibaud Gaudin (1291-1292)
1291 The Knights Templar suffer a huge defeat at Acre and cease to be a strong fighting force
1292

Thibaud Gaudin is succeeded by Jacques de Molay (1292-1314)

Knights Templar Timeline 1300 - 1314

1302

The Knights Templar recruited after the defeat at Acre are wiped out at Raud

1307 King Philip IV of France (1268-1314) who was already heavily in debt to the Knights Templar requested a further loan. The request was refused and King Philip ordered the arrest of all Knight Templars in France
1307 11 October Templar ships left La Rochelle, heading to Scotland with much of their wealth
1307

On Friday the 13th, in October , Jacques de Molay, the Grand Master of the Knights Templar, and 60 of his senior knights were arrested in Paris, France and charged with heresy. Many confessed under torture

1307

Pope Clement V initiated enquiries into the order and thousands of Knights Templar were arrested across Europe

1312 The Medieval order of the Knights Templar become extinct when the order is dissolved by the Council of Vienne.
1312 All the property owned by the Templars is transferred to the Knights of St. John ( The Hospitallers )
1314

Jacques de Molay and Geoffroi de Charney were burnt at the stake on March 18th for rescinding their former admission of heresy

Events Summary
Knights Templar Timeline
Key Dates in the
Knights Templar Timeline
Major Events in the
Knights Templar Timeline

Knights Templar Timeline
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Knights Templar Timeline

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Knights Templar Timeline

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