Inventions in the Middle Ages

Inventions in the Middle Ages
The Middle Ages encompass one of the most exciting periods in English History. One of the most important historical events of the Medieval era was the crusades when the Christians of Europe travelled 3000 miles to fight in the eastern Holy lands. The crusaders experienced Eastern culture and lifestyle and brought back to Europe some inventions developed in this part of the world including silk, gunpowder, the compass and the astrolabe. Numerous nautical inventions in the Middle Ages were used for aids in exploration and enabled the voyages of the great explorers of the Renaissance period.

Types of Middle Ages Inventions
The Middle Ages inventions were numerous and major developments were made in the areas of:  

  • Middle Ages Weaponry - Different Armor and weapons were invented by the war like nations of Medieval Europe
  • Siege Weapon Inventions - The Inventions were brought from the crusades and developed to suit Medieval siege warfare
  • Nautical Inventions - A huge number of nautical inventions were made enabling the Age of Exploration
  • Farming Inventions - Increased Medieval food production
  • Clocks and Timekeeping inventions
  • The Printing Press - probably the most important of the Middle Ages inventions

List of Inventions in the Middle Ages
The list of inventions in the Middle Ages reflect the growing scientific and technical advances of the Medieval era.

List of Inventions in the Middle Ages

Names of Medieval Inventions Description of Medieval Inventions
Gunpowder Gunpowder led to the invention of the cannon
Silk Silk changed the clothing in the Middle Ages
Spectacles Spectacles were a major medical advancement in the Middle Ages
Clock The invention of the clock provided a closer structure to daily life
Hour glass The Hour-glass was a timekeeping instrument invented in the Middle Ages
Paper Paper was introduced in the 1200's
Numbering System The roman numerals were replaced by the Arabs numbering system in the Middle Ages
Minute Glass Minute-glass was another timekeeping instrument invented in the Middle Ages
Printing Press the printing press was invented in the mid 1400's
Sun dial The Sun-dial was another timekeeping instrument invented in the Middle Ages
Compass The compass enabled Renaissance sailors and explorers to find their bearing in the fog
Traverse Boards Traverse boards were navigation instruments, an older version of the Astrolabe
Astrolabes Middle Ages invention  of  the astrolabe was used for used for astronomical purposes and calculating latitudes
Cross-staffs Cross-staffs were used to measure the angle of the Sun or a star above the horizon
Nocturnals Nocturnals were inventions used for measuring and timekeeping instrument
Quadrants Quadrants  were used for measuring and timekeeping instrument
Almanacs Almanacs forecast precisely where the the sun, moon, planets and selected navigational stars, are going to be, hour by hour, for years into the future
Oars The use of oars made the galley ships redundant allowing movement into the open seas
The Rudder Rudder enabled use of Wind and Water Power
Artesian wells The invention of Artesian wells  eliminated the need for pumping
Mills Mills were built to pump water, grind grain, and crush ore
Windmills The invention of the windmill harnessed wind power
Wheelbarrow The invention of the wheelbarrow allowed faster movement of heavy loads
Horseshoes The invention of horseshoes
Horsecollar The invention of the horsecollar increased farming efficiency in the Middle Ages
Moldboard Plough The invention of the Moldboard turning plough increased farming efficiency in the Middle Ages
Stirrups Stirrups gave the rider greater control and give him greater leverage when swinging his sword or thrusting his lance
The Bit and Bridle The Bit and Bridle was used for controlling the massive destrier warhorses
The high-backed saddle The high-backed saddle gave Medieval knights great leverage
Siege weapons Siege weapon inventions were brought from the crusades to Europe and changed Medieval warfare
The Lance The Lance was long, strong, spear-like weapon, designed for use for knights on horseback
The Longbow The invention of the longbow enable skilled English longbowman could release between 10 - 12 arrows per minute
The Crossbow The Middle Ages invention of the crossbow applied engineering to the short bow
The Flail The invention of the Flail was used as armor-fighting weapons
Chainmail Chainmail armor was further developed in the Middle Ages providing protection against being cut by the opponents blade
Armor A Medieval knights armor was invented and developed to protect them from the lethal weapons used in the Middle Ages
Name of Medieval Invention Description of Medieval Invention

List of Inventions in the Middle Ages

Interesting Information about the History of the Inventions in the Middle Ages
Interesting information and important facts about the history of the Inventions in the Middle Ages.

Inventions in the Middle Ages
Each section of this Middle Ages website addresses all topics and provides interesting facts and information about these great people and events in bygone Medieval times including the Inventions in the Middle Ages. The Sitemap provides full details of all of the information and facts provided about the fascinating subject of the Middle Ages!
 

Inventions in the Middle Ages

  • Middle Ages era, period, life, age and times
  • Inventions in the Middle Ages
  • Types of Middle Ages Inventions
  • List of Inventions in the Middle Ages
  • Names of Medieval Inventions
  • Description of Medieval Inventions
  • Major Historical events of the Middle Ages
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Inventions in the Middle Ages

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